The world history of Art education is quite lengthy topic for discussion. Historically School of Old Masters had pretty conservative, however straight forward ideas of Art education. Studding was direct, intense, harsh, and unforgiving. It was primitive in the ways that students could obtain their Art training. The emphases were onpractical studying works of particular master( Copying his works for 2-3 years)to thepoint of total and complete similarity in the technique, sometimes even to the point ofFake identity ( school of Rubens or Rembrandt and so on.) Many years after school wasmodernized and brought a lot of progressive concepts in to classically influencedinstitutions ; French and Italian academies of Art of 19-20 centuries and many differentcountries of Europe and North America. The Art training reached its pick( Bougerau,Repin, Sergeant, Zorn.).
Due to development of cinema and photography and development of Modern Art theimportance of Realist classical art training diminished, yet still had been practiced in theinstitutions that valued the heritage of figurative Art, and seeing it as the only way ofexpression ( mostly Eastern European countries and Germany).
Contemporary knowledge in teaching approach of Realist Art in North America, still isvery vague, thought in separate mostly privately owned schools, seldom people thatgenuinely know the subject deep enough to instruct it. Today this type of Artknowledge still quite successfully been presented thought predominantly EuropeanAcademies of Italy, France, Spain, Russia.
The total goal of the school for their students achieving highest worldcriteria of the realistic expression in the visual Art, absolutesophistication in completion of their projects.
Handling aspects like- tonal references, colour vision, understanding of anatomical makeup of human and animal body and tridimensional cense of the structure and geometricalmake up of the objects, technical confidence in the expression of their work, fluency inhandling variety of the materials and knowledge of the technology of oil painting,watercolor, acrylics, variety of graphic techniques in drawing, rules of the composition,sculpture. Courses of the History of Art will be offered and will serve as the ethicalfoundation of the Classical Art education. Tours of the Art galleries will be in asset as well. The school encourages mix students of different levels of art training workingtogether in one class in order to achieve their highest goals and their quick development.
1st year- 3 semesters (about 75 hours)
School of Alexander Ivanov
Working on the basic drawing and painting (still-life, casted sculptural elements in themost simple primitive way geometrical shapes, and objects reproductions of studentsfavorite masters work). Introductory of rules of Perspective and optical illusions. Basic composition rules. Importance of the measurements and the proportions of objects
The introductory (A)Perspective
Brief Historic overview of the process, Examples of Renaissance Art ( as the example of development of perspective and geometry) will be presented, as well as achievements ofscience of that era. Explanations of why the process was approached this way, what isthe goal of this stage, what need to be achieved. Also discussion of the materials for the class, first what is the right approach. Basic rules of the composition.
The process (B) Drawing class
a)Working process involves practical application of the knowledge, studying rules ofperspective, elliptical transformation of the circle, importance of the measurements ofobjects, tonal analysis, shade and light tonal analysis, negative space, internalgeometrical structure and make up of objects.(geometric shapes, still life).Learning thesystem of measurements and proportions of objects by using right equipment, stages ofprogression of three-dimensional image ( Pencil on paper).Critique of students work willbe performed every end of the each class.
b)Painting introductory class.Finishing the drawing and tracing it on prepared canvas with the gray-neutral color baseprimed . After imprinting the drawing on the canvas( using ballpoint pan, raw umber oilcolor) the line of the drawing should dry, and need to be traced with pen and ink for thepermanent stay and reduction of the line.
The dead tones – First class Painting of the tonal image should resume( glazing with the 3colors on top of the drown image).The painting process includes some newmaterials;( grey painted wooden palette, two clip-containers with Medium for oil paintingand the odorless solvent, brushes 5 different sizes(only soft synthetic hair) titanium white,ochre yellow, ivory black. Next step is the important theory and clarification of tonalgradations (light, tone, semitone, shadow and reflection) explaining of significantimportance of the slow emerging image and working on light tone semitone shadow andreflection. Technical significance of the of the oil painting materials and methods of theirapplication will be explained during the process. Gradual glazing work with theemphasize on slow emerging three-dimensional image. ( by the end of class 7 the tonalappearance of the image should be complete).
Next class starts from glazing in the beginning of the class and than start of working onthicker layers of paint( titanium white) in the areas of the objects facing light. Theimportance of this stage is to keep building up the layer after layer, with the white paintand to achieve the depth in the dark shadow area with the thin glazes of ivory black colorby that creating three-dimensional effect. Throughout 7sessions the process repeat itself,where slowly realistic image of the still-life objects is appearing where emphases moreand more on the detail work. Last class working on the details of objects with the finenumber brush. Students will establish the focal point of the still-life. Selection andGeneralizing other insignificant areas of the image will be applied as well. Next step I theprocess of glazing with the extra colors involved (alizarin crimson, raw umber,ultramarine blue, cadmium yellow). Thin layers of glazes need to be applied on top ofpainted image, for its final color affirmation. (using variety of the glazing technique, drybash, liquid glaze). Please note- no titanium white color is required for this session!Next session, after the image is dried Painting process with the clear-cut thick layers ofpaint specifically as an effort of building another layer of painting in the light area ofobjects will carry on . As per unique methods and techniques of Old Master and the wealth of knowledge of school of Alexander Ivanov this process of glazes and buildingup the light areas of objects with thick paint wouldn’t have an end , until of it’s full andabsolute sophisticated realistic achievement! As per shortage of time ( 24 hours sessionprogram) the course gives most key crucial understanding of stages and thedevelopment of realistic image which usually should average up 50-100 hours. At thisstage students should remember that they should be deeply critical of their image andlooking for complete similarity of their image to original still life objects model. This isthe key to great success, and the conclusion of the last phase of this precious knowledge.
The process (C) Exhibition
Displaying students works with the conclusion of the knowledge. Right way of framingand displaying Artists works, consultation , Discussion critique and gala of students accomplishments will take place accompanied by some refreshments. Guests and friendsare invited.